Giambullari, Pier Francesco (1495-1555).
Historia dell’Europa... nella quale ordinatamente si trattano le cose successe in questa parte del mondo dall’anno DCCC fino al 913 Di nostra Salute... Venice, Francesco de’ Franceschi, 1566. (bound with:) Guicciardini, Lodovico (1521-1589).Commentarii... Delle cose più memorabili seguite in Europa: specialmente in questi paesi bassi, dalla pace di Cambrai, del MDXXIX, insino a tutto l’anno M.D.LX. Libri tre... . Venice, Domenico Farri, 1566.
Two works in one volume, 4° (208x142 mm). I: Collation: *4, **4, ***4, ****4, A-Z4, Aa-Ss4, Tt2. , 166 leaves. Roman and italic type. Woodcut printer's device on the title-page. Author's portrait on the verso of the title-page. Woodcut initials and headpieces. II: Collation: a8, b4, A-K8. , 156,  pages. Complete with fols. b4 and K8 blanks. Roman and italic type. Woodcut printer's device on the title-page and at the end. Woodcut animated initials. Contemporary Roman binding executed by the so-called 'Ruiz Binder'. Light brown morocco over pasteboards. Covers within a rich border of gilt and tooled fillets, and gilt floral roll. Elaborate gilt cornerpieces. The arms of Ruiz – a lion rampant, stamped in gold, holding a fleur-de-lis, stamped in silver – in a cartouche flanked by the initials 'I R' in the centre of both covers. Traces of ties. Spine with three double bands, decorated with gilt fillets, alternating with four single bands, decorated with short gilt diagonals. The title in the second compartment, a gilt rosette on a pattern of blind horizontal and diagonal lines in each of the other compartments. Edges gilt and gauffered with knotwork. Extremities of the spine worn, lower portion of the lower cover stained and rubbed. A very good copy, some light browning. In the first edition, title-page slightly soiled and stained, old repair to the outer margin of the title-page slightly affecting the border of the portrait on the verso; the lower corner of fol. Aa3 repaired, without any loss. On the front pastedown, a price mark of 'F 30'.
Provenance: Jeronímo Ruiz (sixteenth century; armorial binding); from the library of Cardinal Giuseppe Renato Imperiali (1651-1737; stamp 'Ex. Bibl. Ios. Ren. Card. Imperialis' on the first title-page; see Bibliothecae Josephi Renati Imperialis Sanctae Romanae Ecclesiae, Romae 1711, in the Appendix, p. 554); 'De Pigis' (ownership inscription on the first title-page); Count Orazio Samminiatelli (twentieth century, Perignano, near Pisa; see A. Hobson, Apollo and Pegasus, no. 19).
An exceptional volume, bound by the 'Ruiz Binder' and gathering two important histories of Europe, both of which were written by outstanding Florentine scholars: the first edition – in the issue without the woodcut border on the title-page – of the Historia dell'Europa by Giambullari, and the second edition of the Commentarii by Guicciardini.
The volume was finely bound around 1570 for Jeronímo Ruiz, member of a distinguished Valencia family living in Rome and associated with the Curia. His uncle Felipe (1512-1582) was secretary of the Papal Dataria. Hobson records twenty-four volumes bearing Ruiz's arms, all bound by the same Roman binder known as the 'Ruiz Binder', in light of his principal client. “Jeronimo had a taste for history and owned works by Lucius Florus, Dio Cassius, Sallust, Thucydides and Polybius, as well as Bembo's history of Venice, Olaus Magnus's of Scandinavia, Giambullari's of Europe, and both Cieza de Leon's and Zarate's of Peru [...] But he was no scholar. All the books are in Italian except a copy of Francesco Maurolico's Martyrologium, Venice 1568” (Hobson-Culot, Italian and French 16th-Century Bookbindings, p. 49). For the bindings made for Jeronímo Ruiz, the Roman craftman used the same tools already employed by Maestro Luigi, one of three binders active in Rome and working for Giovanni Battista Grimaldi (see no. 90) between 1536 and 1565. Hobson suggests that the 'Ruiz Binder' may be his successor. The Ruiz arms are stamped within the usual cartouche employed by this Roman binder.
The present binding is one of the twenty-four recorded in Hobson's census. The volume later entered the rich library of cardinal Giuseppe Renato Imperiali, sold in Rome in 1711.
I. STC Italian 300. II. Adams G-1534; STC Italian 321; Hobson, Apollo and Pegasus, Amsterdam 1975, no. 19; Hobson-Culot, Italian and French 16th-Century Bookbindings, no. 17; Philobiblon, One Thousand Years of Bibliophily, no. 137.