Mao Zedong (1893-1976).
Mao Zhu Xi Yu Lu [Quotations of Chairman Mao. In Chinese]. Shenyang, Political Department, Air Force Division of Shenyang Military Region, December 1963.
12° (126x91 mm). , 351,  pages. Text organized into five divisions, sixteen chapters, and sixty-four sections. Publisher's cream-colour wrappers, red-lettered upper wrapper and spine. A good copy, cover stained, some text underlined in red ink.
Provenance: on the upper wrapper, an inscription referring to a degree of military hierarchy corresponding to that of 'official'.
Extremely important Maoist edition representing the prototype of the official Little Red Book of May 1964, in its printed paper wrappers: prior to the formal publication of Mao's Quotations – widely distributed within the People's Liberation Army – the Air Force, under the leadership of Lin Biao, assembled a somewhat larger collection of abstracts from the Chairman's speeches and writings; these were printed in such a small quantity that military officers were requested to return the book so others could borrow it. This edition has the same title as the later version (consisting of 250 pages divided in thirty chapters) and includes Lin's endorsement that “Everyone should study the Chairman's writings, follow his teachings, act according to his instructions and be Chairman Mao's good soldier”, taken from Lin's Resolution of the Expanded Meeting of the Military Committee on Strengthening Political And Ideological Education in the Army, here type-set in red and printed in its entirety (as opposed to the abridged version in calligraphy). The edition does not include Mao's portrait. Lin's endorsement is followed by seven pages of indexed content proceeded by 150 quotations (127 extracts from Mao and twenty-three by Lin Biao and the Central Military Commission, selected from newspaper transcripts).
This larger anthology is barely known and not mentioned in any of the standard Mao bibliographies, nor is its relationship to the eventual publication five months later explained in the one citation located, Guo Dongpeng's Outline for Cataloguing Mao Zedong's Works (p. 71). Guo refers to two copies in different bindings, each with 351 pages of text: an undated edition without imprint that he ascribes to 1963, and this version (which is dated and detailed); the most recent selection from Mao's texts is dated 29 August 1963. As General Lin was Minister of National Defense for the PRC (1959-1971), it is assumed this may have been a trial specimen created by the Air Force and possibly used as the model and source for editing down Mao's better-known version of the following year.
Guo Dongpeng, Outline for Cataloguing Mao Zedong's Works, Harbin 2006, p. 71; O. Lein Han, “Sources and Early Printing History of Chairman Mao's Quotations”, The Bibliographic Society of America (accessed January 2018); Philobiblon, One Thousand Years of Bibliophily, no. 287.